Chameleons come from a variety of places starting from rain forest to desert. They are mainly found in Africa and Madagascar with other species being found in Asia and Europe. All chameleon species have similarities. They all have eyes that move independently of each other, moving in 360 degree angles therefore enabling those to see every where all the time. They also have very long retractable tongues that are about 1.5 times their body length.
Their tails are prehensile meaning they can grip vines and branches along with it; they are also perfect for balance. They can change their colour pending what mood these are in or climate. Being mainly green presents them a great camouflage against predators inside the tree tops and canopies of the rain forests.
They vary in size based on species. An adult Veiled Chameleon would be 35cm-60cm or perhaps an adult Panther Chameleon 30cm-53cm. Their lifespan is between 5-10yrs. The Pigmy Chameleons are smaller between 5cm-10cm and live 3-5yrs. All Chameleons change their colours, if a male is chasing females it can display bright colours or should they be angry. When keeping a Chameleon as a pet you should consider their enclosure and their environment.
An excellent reptile vivarium/terrarium needs to be half or all mesh because they need good ventilation. A good size could be 91cmx61cmx91cm. The greater the better they enjoy space. Chameleons are solitary animals and really should be kept independently. Within your reptile vivarium/terrarium you will need a large amount of climbing branches and lots of foliage. Plastic plants are great the Chameleons enjoy drinking through the leaves after spraying. The climbing areas should cover the vivarium so they can reach hot and cool areas of the tank. You might need a good UVB light as well as a basking light.
You will also require a thermostat to be able to keep a constant temperature. You need to cover the basking lamp so that your Chameleon will not burn itself. A dripper for any water supply is a good idea, spray your Chameleon 2 or three times a day. You may also purchase an electric waterfall as chameleons usually do not drink from still water but this really is optional as spraying will be kfepll as long since it is done daily. Chameleons eat locust cricket’s mealworms as well as other insects. You have to use additional nutritional vitamins dust their live food before feeding or enhance water supply i.e. water spray or dripper.